Creating Your Prayer Room

Everyone should have a regular place that they pray and seek God. It can be a room or it can be a corner of a room. The importance isn’t in how fancy or how plain it is. The importance is having a dedicated area and being consistent.

We all know it’s important to pray. The Bible is full of prayers. Even people of other religions pray with dedication. Paul told the Thessalonians to pray without ceasing (I Thess. 5:17). But there is something special about going to the same place day after day to pray. And if you can do it at the same time everyday, even better. It’s like an appointment with God. He’ll be there waiting for you. I’ve heard stories of old time intercessors praying in a certain place all the time where even their chair is anointed. Someone else could sit in their chair and pray and heaven would open. It becomes a place where angels ascend and descend bringing your prayers before the throne and the answers back to earth (Gen. 28:12).

So now you’re full of faith and ready to get your prayer room in order. What does one want or even need in a prayer room? Let’s start with the essentials: a Bible, pen, paper, reading glasses if you need them. So why do you need that if you are there to pray? Well, prayer is basically having a conversation with God. So as you and God are talking to each other, He may remind you of a scripture, or He might give you an idea to help with a certain problem you are dealing with. But expect Him to talk to you and expect that it is worth writing down. These are the essentials. Everything else is bonus and as you have room.

I do have an entire room dedicated as a prayer room, so there are several other items I have added. All of these are optional and a personal choice. You will want some of the same things and some things personal to you. I have a big vintage cozy chair that I can curl up in and get comfortable. I have a nice rug on the floor for when I pray prostrate whether in desperation or adoration or anything in between. I definitely have a cd player and some soaking CDs. I have a large supply of anointing oils, otherwise know as essential oils. I often use Sacred Frankincense when I am in prayer or worship.

I also have mementos from important spiritual times in my life. I have name badges and programs from certain conferences I’ve been to that really affected my life. I have communion cups from the Garden of Gethsemane in Israel made of native Olive wood. I have other mementos from my amazing trip to Israel. I have a menorah with candles. I have spiritual art on the walls. I also have part of my library in my prayer room. I have books on prayer. I have books from when I went to Bible college on theology and other aspects of spirituality. I have something for all five senses.

Don’t be so concerned when you first start feathering your prayer nest with what you will put there. Start with the basics and grow from there. You will know what you want close at hand as you pray and commune with God. The important part is being with God, communing with Him, having a conversation with Him. All the rest is bonus.

{ 0 comments }

Beach Vacation with Young Living

My family just got back from a five-day vacation to Santa Cruz, CA. Santa Cruz is a great little artsy surfing town not far from where I grew up in Northern California. I used to come to the Boardwalk with my friends as a teenager. So it’s been about 10 years or so (wink) since I’ve been here. I’m thrilled to take my family exploring here. We spent our time playing in the ocean, riding the rides at the Boardwalk, or seeing the local sights. We had to drive a windy route over the mountain to get there. A drop of Peppermint Oil in my hands helped me feeling good.

The first thing we did when we got to our Cottage was unload the luggage. Diffusing Thieves Oil is a great way to start a stay in a cottage, hotel, or anywhere away from home. Thieves Oil will kill any virus or bacteria lingering in the air. It will also fill the space with a wonderful Cinnamon and Clove scent. It reminds me of Chai Tea. If it is an oil you usually diffuse at home it will help make you feel comfortable in an unfamiliar place.

Daniel got a sunburn when swimming in my Mother’s pool on the Fourth of July. So before we ventured out for the day I put some Lavender Oil and ClaraDerm Spray on his sunburn. These helped to heal the sunburn and also have a calming and soothing affect. I just had to do this a few times before he was all better.

After spending some time chasing waves at Twin Lakes Beach, overlooking the lighthouse, we changed clothes and went to the Mystery Spot. This is a local attraction where there is some kind of gravitational anomaly.  Near the center of the area, there is about a 17% lean to people in the area. This gravitational pull in the middle of the Coastal Redwoods can cause nausea and a bit of disorientation. Thankfully, I had my Peppermint Oil to help with the slight nausea and Lavender Oil to help with the allergies I was feeling from the majestic Redwoods.

The next day we went to the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk. Dating back to 1907, it was voted the best Seaside Amusement Park in the country. We got our all-day passes and headed for the rides. The first one we hit was the new Undertow ride. There are two riders facing forward and two facing backwards. The car spins around while it goes along the rollercoaster tracks. We also hit the famous Giant Dipper. This wooden roller coaster was built in 1924 and is still running. I’m a huge roller coaster fan and this has always been one of my favorite roller coasters. But I can’t handle the rides like I used to. Again, Peppermint Oil to the rescue. This helps me to keep running on the rides like I was still a kid. While we were there Kevin got interviewed by a travel blog, Marble Hoppers. We just laugh. Those of you that know Kevin know that he is a people magnet!

The third day we headed back up the mountain for some zip lining in the Redwoods. We took the Redwood Canopy Tour in Mount Hermon. With a total of six zip lines, the tour boasts amazing views from high up in the trees. The highest zip line is 150 feet up in the air. Even the bravest can feel a little insecure. This is when you want to break out the Valor Oil. Valor is a blend of oils that was used in ancient times for gladiators and men going into battle. I was also using Lavender for the air-borne allergies of the trees, leaves, and other things in nature.

All this adventure and sight-seeing made us hungry. One place we hit was a Bay Area favorite, Pizza My Heart. Originating in Capitola, they are all over now. We hit the one in Capitola and in Santa Cruz, getting pizza and t-shirts in both locations. There is surfing décor all around. My favorite restaurant was the one in downtown Santa Cruz where there were sharks hanging from the ceiling and a motorized surf board on the wall. Another place we loved was Woodies Café on the Wharf. It is named after the wood paneled cars that surfers love. We sat next to the big picture window while we ate seafood. We also had our fill of boardwalk food. I’ve definitely been taking my Essentialzyme pills to help digest all this food.

At the end of the five days we were ready to head home. We had tons of fun on the beach and the boardwalk. It was a great time spent together as a family. Now we were ready to get back to our pets and sleep in our own beds. I’m thankful that we had a wonderful family vacation and I’m thankful for Young Living products for the comfort they brought to the vacation.

{ 0 comments }

What Do You Do With Grief?

I lost my Dad in November. Even now it is hard to write about it. I’ve never had a loss like this before. I’m not one that likes to cry or be upset, so I’m having a hard time with the grieving process because I don’t like it.

Dad and Me

During the grieving process it is important to have a good support system around you. My family, friends and coworkers have all been there for me. I’m deeply grateful for that. And I also know it is important to let yourself grieve. The experts say there are Five Sages of Loss and Grief. These include Denial and Isolation, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, and Acceptance. I’m somewhere between stage 2 and 4. I don’t know when I’ll accept it. Does that make sense??

One thing that has helped me even when I got the call that my dad was in the hospital, is essential oils along with prayer. One my way to the hospital I grabbed Valor for strength, and Peace & Calming and Copaiba to keep me calm through what I knew would be a hard process. I knew I had to keep my head about me for myself, my sister, and my family. I can freak out later, but this was not going to be the time for that.

Of course, these three oils also helped me during the days and weeks after Dad’s passing. In talking through the process with my coach, Caroline Boudreau, she suggested I also add Joy and Trauma Relief to my repertoire.  The day Dad died was very traumatic, not just because he died, but because my sister and I had to make all the tough medical decisions. Although I’m a grown woman, I felt like my sister and I were the  little girls in braids that we used to be making Grown Up decisions. This was especially traumatic for me.

So here I am five months later writing this through tears. As I wrote above, I haven’t reached stage 5 of loss and grieving. The oils did not make me skip a stage and make all the hurt go away. But they did and are a definite help in getting through the stages, giving me strength to process this grief so I don’t just stuff it and see it reappear in my health and behaviors. This, along with prayer and the support of loved ones is getting me through.

I hope my story will help someone else. God bless you in your process.

To get your oils, go to www.ylscents.com/Anastasia-Carroll

{ 0 comments }

Performing A Raindrop Technique On A Child

To perform the Raindrop Technique, have the child lay quietly on a bed or a massage table:

1. Start with Valor® essential oil blend. Put a drop of Valor in each hand. Cross your arms and apply Valor to the child’s feet. Hold the feet and wait for an energy change in the body.

2. One at a time, apply oregano, thyme, basil, cypress, wintergreen, marjoram, and peppermint essential oils (in this order) up the spine of the foot. Use the Vita Flex Technique for this. Remember: Children can be more sensitive to the oils; only use one drop of each oil on the feet.

3. Have the child roll onto his or her tummy to put the oils on the back. Rub your finger over the essential oil bottle to get a little bit of oil on your finger, then rub the oil up the spine starting from the lower back up. A full drop of oil may be too much if the child is fair skinned. Lightly feather stroke each oil up the spine. Start with oregano and continue with thyme the same way. Watch for any redness or discomfort and apply V-6 if necessary.

4. Rub your finger over the bottle of basil essential oil. Rub basil up both sides of the spine, then feather stroke it in. Now do the spinal pull three times up the spine.

5. Rub your finger over the bottle of wintergreen essential oil. Rub it up both sides of the spine, then feather stroke it in. Now do the thumb roll, called Vita Flex Technique, three times up the spine.

6. Next, rub your finger over the bottle of marjoram essential oil. Rub it up both sides of the spine, then feather stroke it in. Now, with big circles, massage up the side of the back on both sides three times.

7. Apply a very small amount of Aroma Siez™ essential oil blend to the areas of the back and feather stroke it in. Then do the glide stoke, going back and forth across the back working up the back three times. You can do a light massage to release any tension or tightness in the back.

8. Now rub your finger over the bottle of peppermint essential oil. Rub it up both sides of the spine, then feather stroke it in up the sides of the spine. Watch for any burning or hot areas and add V-6 massage oil if necessary.

Get Started Here!

{ 0 comments }

Be on the Offensive Against the Flu!

FluYou’ve heard the news reports. They let you know we have entered into the flu season (echo, echo, echo). Even TV commercials let you know it’s time to stock up on their chemical medicines with harmful side effects because you are going to get the flu. Your coworkers are falling left and right, and your children’s classmates are missing school. I guess you better get prepared to get the flu, right?

Wrong! You don’t have to get the flu and your family doesn’t have to get the flu. You can be on the offensive against the flu instead of on the defensive. Here are a few things you can do in to keep your family healthy:

Pray. Thank God that He has blessed your family with good health and pray that He would keep you from sickness and disease. Pray that He would give you the wisdom to have healthy eating habits and an active lifestyle.

Clean with Thieves Products. When you clean your home with Thieves Products, you are not only cleaning your home and removing germs, but you are also making your family healthier. As the essential oils in the products are released into the air, your family breathes in these healthy oils. These oils will kill germs in your family’s bodies and boost their immune system.

Drink NingXia Red. Drinking NingXia Red on a regular basis will boost your immune system, helping you resist colds and flu. It is chock full of the most powerful anit-oxidants like wolfberry (also know as Goji berry), blueberries, raspberries, and apricot. It will help rebuild your strength.

Use Thieves Oil. Thieves oil can be used topically, inhaled or diffused, and internally. Apply Thieves to the feet for the fastest delivery to your body’s system. You can also put a drop or two in your palms, rub together and inhale from cupped hands over your nose and mouth. Diffuse Thieves in a room by adding 8-10 drops in a water diffuser to sanitize a room and to breath in the oil. Thieves can also be taken internally. Add a drop to tea or even add to a capsule and swallow. Thieves lozenges are another way to use the oil.

So what do you do if you have contracted the flu?

Do all the things above. If you contract the flu, doing the things above will help to cut your recovery time down dramatically. Cleaning with Thieves products is even more important if the germs are already in your house. Double or triple up on your NingXia Red intake. I’ve heard of people drinking a whole bottle in a 24-hour time frame when sick. And you definitely want to use the Thieves oil, diffusing in the room regularly and rubbing on your feet. Thieves lozenges will also be beneficial to deliver Thieves oil internally.

Take Inner Defense. Take Inner Defense at the first sign of illness. Inner Defense is a capsule full of essential oils like Thieves Oil, Oregano and Lemongrass. This will dramatically speed up recovery time.

 Click Here to Get Started

{ 0 comments }

Spirituality and Essential Oils

Throughout human history, mankind has used essential oils during times of prayer, meditation and fasting. The Bible calls them anointing oils. These oils have aided in enhancing the spiritual connection and communion with God. They were used in the Temple and in homes. Today, we can still benefit from the use of essential oils in our spiritual walk with God. In this post, I am going to share with you different essential oils that have been used to enhance this time and the reported benefits. Start to incorporate different oils as the Lord leads you.

Frankincense elevates personal and spiritual love and heightens awareness on all levels by inspiring and awakening the spiritual senses. Frankincense is an oil of transformation that expands awareness. It is said frankincense accelerates spiritual growth as it promotes the meditative. Frankincense removes all negative influences. Frankincense enhances divine connection and brings inner peace. Diffuse frankincense oil for spirituality, love, consecration, blessing, energy, strength, visions, healing, meditation, purification, power and courage. Frankincense increases the potency of other oils. Biblical references: Exodus 30:34; Leviticus 2:1, 15, 16, 5:11, 6:15, 24:7; Numbers 5:15, 16:46-50 (Aaron stops a plague); 1 Chron 9:29; Nehemiah 13:5, 9; Song of Solomon 3:6, 4:6, 14; Isaiah 59:20, 60:3, 6, (prophesy the gifts of the wise men), Isaiah 66:3; Jeremiah 6:20, 17:26, 41:5 (NOTE: these six references from Isaiah and Jeremiah are translated as “incense” in the KJV. However, the Hebrew in all cases is “lebonah” which is Frankincense); Matthew 2:11 (wise men visit); Revelation 18:13.

Sandalwood encompasses and enhances both the spiritual and physical well-being of men and women. Sandalwood has one of the highest vibrations of any oil that enhances spiritual awareness and allowing healing energies to flow. Sandalwood enhances receptivity. Sandalwood oil placed on the forehead aids in focusing the mind and helps the dream state and promotes visions. Sandalwood is also associated with spirituality and meditation.

Myrrh enhances and strengthens spirituality, visualisation and meditation practice. Myrrh lifts vibrations and increases the potency of other oils. Myrrh has the ability to bring up deep, hidden, or unconscious feelings.  Myrrh is also associated with ttransformation, the Sacred, cleansing, and creating peace. Biblical references: Genesis 37:25, 43:11; Exodus 30:23, 30:34 as Stacte; Esther 2:12; Psalms 45:8; Proverbs 7:17; Song of Solomon 1:13, 3:6, 4:6, 14, 5:1, 5, 13; Matthew 2:11, 26:7, 9, 12; Mark 14:3, 4, 15:23, Luke 7:37, 38, 46, 23:56; John 11:2, 12:3, 5, 19:39.

Cedarwood is a purifier, and is beneficial for healing on both the physical and spiritual levels. It enhances spirituality by assisting one to reconnect to their spiritual awareness. Cedarwood harmonizes and stabilises unbalanced energies and encourages energy flow. Biblical refernces: Leviticus 14:4, 6, 49, 51, 52; Numbers 19:6.

Cypress is commonly used for blessing, consecration and protection. Cypress engenders inner strength and quietude. Biblical references: Genesis 6:14; Isaiah 41:19, 44: 14; I Kings 9:11; Song of Solomon 1:17.

Jasmine is said to induce prophetic dreams if diffused in the bedroom. Jasmine is also associated anointing and meditation.

Orange harmonizes the body, mind and spirit. Orange is also associated with love, favor, balance, healing, harmony, peace, provision and prosperity, spiritual awareness, blessing, joy and warmth.

Peppermint oil promotes sleep and visionary dreams which sometimes offer one glimpses of the future. It is used in healing and purification baths.

Click here to get started.

{ 2 comments }

Detoxing Through Fasting

Detoxification is the process of eliminating the toxins through the colon, liver, kidneys, lungs, lymph nodes, and skin. Fasting starts this process because, when there is a small amount of food entering the body, the body will turn to its fat reserves for energy. When the fat reserves are used for energy during a fast, they release the stored chemicals from the fatty acids into the system and are then eliminated through the organs mentioned above.

Another benefit of fasting is the healing process it triggers. During a fast, energy is diverted away from the digestive system, since there is no or less food to mobilize it, towards the metabolism and immune system. This is one reason why we feel less hungry when we’re sick. And who doesn’t need to boost their metabolism and their immune system??

Detoxing is great for our bodies, but it is sometimes a temporarily uncomfortable experience, but these symptoms should be elevated by the 3rd day. Knowing what the symptoms are will help you to deal with them when they arise. Some of the things you can expect while detoxing are:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Headaches
  • Irritability
  • Minor depression
  • Lack of focus
  • Increased body odor caused by elimination of toxins
  • Negative emotional and mental patterns
  • Hunger

Easing Symptoms of Detox

Drink lots of water. The first and foremost way to ease detox symptoms is by making sure you drink plenty of water. The rule of thumb is to drink half your weight in ounces of water. For example, if you weigh 120lbs, you would need to drink 60 ounces of water a day.

Get lots of rest. Your body needs plenty of rest during your fast. One reason is that you are taking in less calories for energy. Another reason is because your body needs lots of energy to detox and heal.

Use essential oils. Lemon Oil in your water will aid in the detoxing process and lessen the time. Peppermint is a very versatile oil for many of the detoxing symptoms. It is great for fatigue, nausea, tummy troubles, headaches and lack of focus. Peace & Calming Oil will take the edge off of the irritability, minor depression and negative emotions.

Use the Slique Kit. The Slique Kit is a great aid in helping detox and reduce hunger during a fast. The Balance Complete is a nutrient-dense meal replacement with tons of fiber. The other products in the kit help curb cravings and stave off hunger.

To order Essential Oils and the Slique Kit, click here.

{ 0 comments }

Explosive Breakthrough!

Daniel FastWhen I was in prayer this morning I heard the words Explosive Breakthrough! Wow! Who doesn’t want and need explosive breakthrough?

All of us have areas in our lives where we need breakthrough. Maybe it’s in our marriage. Maybe it’s in our finances. Maybe it’s in our health, work, or relationships. Whatever the need, fasting is a great way to see breakthrough.

Daniel was a man who saw breakthrough in his life time and time again (Think lions den). That is why so many people want to emulate him by doing the Daniel Fast every year, or even more than once a year. I’m sure Daniel didn’t fast only at the beginning of the year, but every time he needed breakthrough in a situation.

In Daniel 9:3, he says, Then I set my face toward the Lord God to make request by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes.

  • He set his face toward the Lord God because he knew that the Lord is where his help would come from.
  • He made request through prayer and supplication. He was focused. He knew what he was going after. And he asked for it. So many times we have not because we ask not.
  • He fasted in sackcloth and ashes which represents surrender to the fact that we can’t change things in our power. He humbled himself before God.

What are you fasting for? What specific areas of breakthrough are you looking for? God wants to bring that breakthrough to you. He does not want to withhold it from you. Follow Daniel’s example to see explosive breakthrough in your life!

Comment below and share what you are believing God for during this time.

 

{ 0 comments }

Daniel Fast Sample Menu

Guest Post by Joy Barilla

If you’re stumped on where to begin with the fast and aren’t sure exactly how to prepare a meal that your family will come within 10 feet of this sample menu is for you. It’s easy, and sure to please!

Breakfast:

Apple Oatmeal

  • 1 & 1/3 cup water
  • 1/2 cup of quick cooking oatmeal
  • 1 apple, peeled and diced
  • cinnamon
  • small handful of nuts

In a small pot place 1 cup of water on high heat to boil, and add 1/2 cup of oatmeal cook oatmeal to package instructions.

Place the remaining water in a small saute pan with apples. Sprinkle Apples with cinnamon. Cook on medium high heat until apples are softened and the water has evaporated. Add nuts to pan. Add oatmeal to apple nut mixture and stir to incorporate. Serve with extra cinnamon and a splash of low fat milk.

Banana Berry Smoothie

  • 1/2 cup frozen blueberries
  • 1/2 cup frozen strawberries
  • 1 banana
  • 1/2 cup yogurt, I like to use non fat plain or low fat vanilla
  • 1/2 cup milk
  • 1/4 cup white grape or apple juice

Combine all ingredients in a blender and blend until smooth. Serve immediately.

Lunch:

Spinach Salad with Strawberries and Walnuts and Baked Potatoes

  • 1 bag baby spinach
  • 1 pint of strawberries, sliced
  • 1/4 cup walnuts
  • Balsamic Vinegar
  • Extra Virgin Olive Oil
  • Potatoes and favorite meat free toppings

Preheat oven to 400 degrees, place potato on the rack and bake until soft. In a large bowl combine spinach, sliced strawberries and walnuts. Drizzle with vinegar and olive oil and toss. Serve with baked potatoes.

Family Friendly Dinner:

Veggie Pizza

  • 1 package of dry active yeast
  • 1 1/4 cup warm water (105 to 115 degrees)
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 3 tsp olive oil
  • 3 cups flour ( wheat, spelt…)
  • Sauce
  • Cheese (dairy or soy)
  • Veggies: Black olives, onions, green peppers, tomatoes, artichokes, and any other veggie you might want

Fill your mixer bowl with very hot water and allow it to warm for about 5 minutes. This will keep the water you will be adding to your yeast to stay warm enough for the yeast to work it’s magic. Drain the water out of the bowl and add warm water, and yeast. Give it a little bit of a stir, and allow it to rest for about 5 minutes. It should start to bubble and start to smell yeasty.

Add the salt, olive oil and flour. Place the dough hook attachment onto the mixer. Mix at a low speed until the dough starts to come together, about 2 or 3 minutes. Increase the speed one notch, and continue mixing until the dough forms a ball that cleans the side of the bowl, another 3 or 4 minutes.

If the dough looks too dry add a little bit of water. If it looks too wet, add a little bit of flour. You are looking for a nice ball of dough that cleans the sides of the bowl. Work in small increments so that you don’t add too much flour or water.

Grease a bowl with some olive oil and place the dough in the bowl, turning to grease the entire ball of dough. Cover with a clean dish towel and set in a warm place. I like to place it on top of my oven and preheat my oven. Allow the dough to rest for about an hour or until doubled in size.

Grease two pizza pans with a little olive oil. Divide dough in half, and press into pan. Allow the dough to rest for about 15 minutes. It will be puffy when you come back to it. Press it down, and poke with a fork.

Bake in a 450 degree oven for about 8 minutes to give the crust a head start on cooking. Top with desired sauce, cheese, and toppings and bake for about 10 minutes or until the cheese is melted and the crust is golden brown.

 

With a little planning, you can easily do this fast and make it family friendly too. God bless you on your fast! Happy Cooking!

Joy with her husband, Adam

Joy

 

Joy Barilla

betterthanabox@gmail.com

www.betterthanabox.org

 

{ 0 comments }

12 Audacious Faith Confessions

From Stephen Furtick’s book Sun Stand Still

1). I am fully forgiven and free from all shame and condemnation. Romans 8:1-2; Ephesians 1:7-8; 1 John 1:9

2). I act in audacious faith to change the world in my generation. Joshua 10:12-14; John 14:12

3). I have no fear or anxiety; I trust in the Lord with all my heart. Proverbs 3:5-6; Philippians 4:6-7; 1 Peter 5:7

4). I am able to fulfill the calling God has placed on my life. Exodus 3:9-12; Psalm 57:2; Colossians 1:24-29

5). I am fully resourced to do everything God has called me to do. Deuteronomy 8:18; Luke 6:38; Philippians 4:13

6). I have no insecurity, because I see myself the way God sees me. Genesis 1:26-27; Psalm 139:13-16; Ephesians 5:25-27

7). I am a faithful spouse and a Godly parent – my family is blessed. Deuteronomy 6:6-9; Ephesians 5:22-25; Colossians 3:18-19; 1 Peter 3:1-7

8). I am completely whole – physically, mentally, emotionally, spiritually. Psalm 103:1-5; Matthew 8:16-17; II Corinthians 5:17; 1 Peter 2:24

9). I am increasing in influence and favor for the Kingdom of God. Genesis 45:4-8; 1 Samuel 2:26; Acts 2:37-47

10). I am enabled to walk in the sacrificial love of Christ. II Thessalonians 2:16-17; 1 John 3:16; 4:9-12

11). I have the wisdom of the Lord concerning every decision I make. II Chronicles 1:7-12; Proverbs 2:6, Ecclesiastes 2:26; James 1:5

12). I am protected from all harm and evil in Jesus’ name. Genesis 50:20; Psalm 3:1-3; II Thessalonians 3:2-3

How much difference will it make in our lives if we face the mirror and preach these realities to ourselves daily! Change your confession and you will change the world!!

James 2:17 says, “Faith without works is dead.” Be obedient to God and watch out!

{ 0 comments }